There's more to French Art than Impressionism! Baroque art of the 1600s was flamboyant and dramatic; in the 1700s, Rococo art generated delicately sensuous fantasies, and neo-Classicism retold the classical myths in support of modern political movements. The late 1700s also saw a beautiful flowering of successful women artists. In the early 1800s, Romanticism manifested in great historical dramas, and artists began to treat the landscape as an important subject in itself, instead of just a background.
French Art at the Louvre
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Baroque period of 1600s: Georges de La Tour, Nicolas Poussin, Claude Lorrain.
Rococo period, early 1700s: Jean-Antoine Watteau, Jean-Siméon Chardin, François Boucher, Jean-Honoré Fragonard
Neoclassicism of late 1700s: Hubert Robert, Jacques-Louis David, Élisabeth Vigée LeBrun, and Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
French women artists of the 1700s: Élisabeth Vigée-Lebrun, Adélaïde Labille-Guiard
Romanticism of early 1800s: Theodore Géricault, Eugène Delacroix
Landscape painting of early 1800s: Camille Corot