Early Netherlandish painting is 1400s.
The economy of The Netherlandish area was centered in Bruges and Antwerp.
In the mid-1500s the northern, protestant area began to separate from the southern, Catholic area, and also to get out from under Spanish domination.
Early Netherlandish painting coincides with the Early and High Italian Renaissance but is seen as an independent artistic culture, separate from the Renaissance humanism that characterised developments in Italy.
The northern painters' doctrine was also built on elements of recent Gothic tradition and less on the classical tradition prevalent in Italy.
Early Netherlandish paintings reveal the pursuit of a common goal—to make the painted image vividly present and to render the unseen palpable. It might be argued that the Ghent Altarpiece defined realism as a vehicle of expression for the next 500 years.
|Jan van Eyck, c. 1390-1441|
The Ghent Altarpiece, 1432
Jan van Eyck, c. 1390-1441
Arnolfini Portrait, 1434
National Gallery, London
Rogier van der Weyden, 1400-1464
The Descent from the Cross, c. 1435
From left: Mary of Clops, Saint John the Evangelist, Mary Salome, holding up Mary, mother of Christ. Center: Joseph of Arimathea, Christ, Nicodemus, Mary Magdalene.
|Hans Memling, 1430-1494|
Virgin and Child with Two Angels, c. 1480