Saturday, September 3, 2016

Early Netherlandish Painting

Early Netherlandish painting is 1400s.

The economy of The Netherlandish area was centered in Bruges and Antwerp.

In the mid-1500s the northern, protestant area began to separate from the southern, Catholic area, and also to get out from under Spanish domination.

Early Netherlandish painting coincides with the Early and High Italian Renaissance but is seen as an independent artistic culture, separate from the Renaissance humanism that characterised developments in Italy.

The northern painters' doctrine was also built on elements of recent Gothic tradition and less on the classical tradition prevalent in Italy.

Early Netherlandish paintings reveal the pursuit of a common goal—to make the painted image vividly present and to render the unseen palpable. It might be argued that the Ghent Altarpiece defined realism as a vehicle of expression for the next 500 years.

Jan van Eyck, c. 1390-1441
The Ghent Altarpiece, 1432

Jan van Eyck, c. 1390-1441
Arnolfini Portrait, 1434
National Gallery, London

Rogier van der Weyden, 1400-1464
The Descent from the Cross, c. 1435
From left: Mary of Clops, Saint John the Evangelist, Mary Salome, holding up Mary, mother of Christ. Center: Joseph of Arimathea, Christ, Nicodemus, Mary Magdalene.

Hans Memling, 1430-1494
Virgin and Child with Two Angels, c. 1480

Hieronymus Bosch, 1450 - 1516
The Garden of Earthly Delights, 1490-1510

Gerard David, 1460-1523
Marriage at Cana, c. 1500

Joachim Patinir, c. 1480-1524
St. Jerome in the Desert, c. 1520
iPad photo

Pieter Bruegel the Elder, c. 1525-1569
Landscape with the Flight Egypt, 1563

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