- You don't need to know the style of a painting to appreciate and understand it.
- But if you do know the style, it gives you a way into the painting.
- Painters tend to be experimental and self-conscious about style early in their careers; then they use what they learn to develop their own style.
- Fauvism as such lasted only a few years. The key component of Fauvism was manipulation of color for expressive reasons. It morphed into Expressionism.
- Matisse did 3 times as many Expressionist canvases as Fauvist.
- Analytic and synthetic cubism were experimental phases that lasted only a few years. The key component of cubism was manipulation of shapes for expressive reasons. They became a more generalized form of cubism.
- Picasso continued to paint in a generalized Cubist style sometimes; he also did Surrealism and Expressionism.
- You don't need to know the biography of a painter to appreciate a painting.
- Biography is a distraction; the artist is not writing a diary.
- He is trying to create an image that generalizes his experience.
- He is trying to transcend his personal struggles to create something more general, more symbolic.
- Example: Picasso's Woman in Armchair
- Story of Matisse's La Danse
- Most important artists are Delaunay and de Chirico
- Going to see another Jenny Holzer later.
Show map of the Netherlands
Dutch art in the 19th Century:
- Introduce Gementemuseum
- After the Golden Age, Dutch painting went into a slump.
- There was a tepid revival starting in the 1830s.
- The Hague school flourished in the 1870s, the time of Impressionism in France.
- Follow art up to van Gogh
- First major painter of modern era was van Gogh.
Van Gogh Museum in Amsterdam:Kroller-Muller Museum:
- Has the largest collection of van Gogh.
- Does not allow photography.
- When we were there last, many of their best pieces were on tour and the museum was being renovated, so their galleries were disrupted.
- Second largest collection.
- This museum was established by a woman named Helene Kröller-Müller.
- She recognized his value early and picked up a great quantity cheap.
- She was heir to a German industrial fortune and married Kroller, a Dutch industrial magnate.
- She had plenty of money to spend.She and her husband donated the museum and the surrounding park land to the nation.
- The building we visited was built fairly recently on the site of the original.
- Second big attraction is her big collection of pointillism.
- They also have a few other classics from earlier in the 19th century.
- Review slides.
- Mention Dan's blog on sculpture garden.
- Finish Dutch art.
- Review their collection of International Art.
- Last week we worked hard to learn the styles and big names of 20th C. art.
- Tonight, we reaped the benefit of our investment.
- We visited three museums: The Gementemuseum, the Kroller-Muller, and the Stedelijk.
- We saw works by artists we already knew.
- We saw works in styles we already understood.
- We also built on that by adding new styles and new artists.
- Kirchner was a German expressionist.
- Sol Lewitt is not Dutch. Born here. Parents from Ukraine.
- Théo van Rysselberghe, 1862-1926 is a Belgian.
- James Ensor is Belgian, associated with expressionism and symbolism.
- Jawlensky was a Russian expressionist painter who lived in Germany.
- Expressionism was a modernist movement, initially in poetry and painting, originating in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. Its typical trait is to present the world solely from a subjective perspective, distorting it radically for emotional effect in order to evoke moods or ideas. Expressionist artists sought to express the meaning of emotional experience rather than physical reality.
- Paula Modersohn-Becker was an important German expressionist, but she died age 31.
- She painted with tempera, with a limited choice of pigments. She scratched into the paint.
- Sol LeWitt: "In conceptual art the idea or concept is the most important aspect of the work. When an artist uses a conceptual form of art, it means that all of the planning and decisions are made beforehand and the execution is a perfunctory affair. The idea becomes a machine that makes the art."